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E621 Halal or Haram

E621 Halal or Haram – Ingredients & Preservatives in Food Products 

It comes from glutamic acid, an amino acid found in various foods, including vegetables and meat. On the other hand, Muslims are constantly debating whether E621 is haram or halal.

Is E621 Food Code Halal or Haram? – What Is E621?

The Islamic laws regarding the use of E621 have been hotly debated among Muslim academics. Some scholars consider E621 halal, while others think it haram. There are a few factors to consider while determining if E621 is safe to consume.


Islamic scholars have differing perspectives on monosodium glutamate’s halal/haram status (E621). Here are some of the fatwas issued by Islamic experts on this topic:

  • According to the Islamic Food and Nutrition Council (IFANCA), E621 is halal if created from halal components and does not include haram compounds throughout the manufacturing process.
  • However, some Islamic scholars believe E621 to be haram. They claim that E621 is haram since the fermentation of haram items like alcohol, pork, and beef produces it.
  • Furthermore, some scholars argue that E621 is haram since it is a chemical additive that is not mentioned in the Qur’an or Sunnah, and its safety is being questioned.

It may be challenging to navigate the confusing world of food additives and their mysterious “E” numbers. In particular for the discriminating buyer. One of these chemicals has attracted much attention over the years due to its widespread use. The discussions that surround it. Let’s introduce E621, sometimes referred to as MSG or monosodium glutamate.

What is E621?

E621 is often known as monosodium glutamate (MSG). It is a flavor enhancer used in the food business to improve the savory taste of dishes. MSG is distinguished by its umami flavor (the fifth fundamental flavor after sweet, sour, salty, and bitter). It is commonly found in soups, processed meats, snack foods, and restaurant entrees, particularly in Asian cuisine.

MSG is the sodium salt of glutamic acid, an amino acid. It occurs naturally in various foods, including tomatoes, cheese, and mushrooms. While our bodies manufacture glutamic acid, the MSG we consume is produced by a fermentation process. We are generally employing bacteria that make glutamic acid from certain carbohydrates.

The use of MSG has proven contentious. Some people have experienced symptoms known as the ‘MSG symptom complex’ or ‘Chinese Restaurant Syndrome,’ which include headaches, flushing, and, in some cases, nausea after eating MSG-containing dishes. However, considerable scientific study has revealed no consistent evidence that moderate MSG ingestion causes these symptoms.

What Is Red 40?

Red 40 is often known as Allura Red. It is one of the most used flavoring substances in the UK. However, red 40 has been banned in the United Kingdom and Switzerland because of health concerns.

While health organizations agree that Red Dye 40 poses minimal risk, the dye has been linked to allergies and impaired behavior in children with ADHD. The color has numerous names and is widely found in dairy products, desserts, snacks, baked items, and drinks.

Red 40 is Halal. It is a synthetic color created from petroleum chemicals. It contains no animal-derived components.

How Is E621 Made?

E621, or MSG, is produced by bacterial fermentation. Traditionally, MSG was derived from seaweed. However, the contemporary approach includes fermenting starch, sugar beets, sugar cane, or molasses with particular microorganisms. These bacteria naturally generate glutamic acid, separated, purified, and mixed with sodium to form the white crystalline substance MSG.

MSG synthesis is similar to creating yogurt, vinegar, or wine, all needing fermentation. Once formed, MSG is a thin white crystal that dissolves easily in water and resembles table salt or sugar.

Is It Safe for Muslims to Eat It?

For starters, E621 is a naturally occurring molecule rather than a synthetic one. As a result, some scholars say it is halal since it is not harmful to the human body and contains no contaminants.

Using E621 in the Food Industry

MSG is the sodium salt of glutamic acid, an amino acid found naturally in a variety of foods, including tomatoes, grapes, cheese, and mushrooms.

E621’s principal role in the food business is to improve the flavor of food items by adding an umami taste, which is described as savory and meaty. The umami taste is recognized for enhancing the meaty and savory flavors in stews and meat soups. Food makers can use MSG to balance, mix, and enhance their goods’ impression of other flavors.

Food industry professionals have used E621 as a flavor enhancer for many years. It was created in 1908 by Japanese scientist Kikunae Ikeda, who wanted to extract and duplicate the savory flavor of kombu, an edible seaweed used as a foundation for Japanese soups. Since then, MSG has been frequently used in processed foods to improve their flavor characteristics.

Here are some popular meals that might contain MSG:

  • Canned Foods: Many canned soups, broths, and processed meats may include MSG to improve their flavor.
  • Fast Food: Certain fast food items, such as burgers, chicken nuggets, and French fries, may include MSG as a spice or flavoring.
  • Snack Foods: Snack items like chips, crackers, and flavored popcorn may include MSG to increase their flavor.
  • Processed meats: Processed meats like sausages, hot dogs, and deli meats may include MSG as a flavor enhancer.
  • Salad Dressings and Sauces: Some salad dressings, sauces, and condiments, such as soy sauce and Worcestershire sauce, may include MSG to improve the flavor.
  • Frozen Dinners and Ready-to-Eat Meals: Frozen dinners, pre-packaged meals, and ready-to-eat meals may include MSG to improve flavor.

Side Effects of E621

The most generally reported adverse effects of MSG ingestion. It consists of loss of feeling or numbness, tingling or burning sensations in the face, neck, and other places: rapid and fluttering heartbeats, chest discomfort, nausea, and weakness. Furthermore, several studies have connected MSG use to serious health issues such as central nervous system (CNS) problems, obesity, alterations in adipose tissue physiology, liver damage, and reproductive dysfunctions.

Further study has revealed that MSG has the potential to produce brain toxicity. It means it can interfere with normal brain function. In rare situations, MSG ingestion can activate the MSG symptom complex (MSC). It includes headaches, sweating, face flushing, chest discomfort, and breathing difficulties.

Wrap Up

In recent years, flavor enhancer E621 has frequently made unfavorable headlines. The addition is claimed to harm your health and might produce various adverse effects. However, it is a safe food ingredient approved by the European Food Safety Authority.

E621, often known as monosodium glutamate, has been in the culinary limelight for decades. MSG, praised for its flavor-enhancing characteristics but criticized for alleged health risks, is still one of the most discussed food additives.

At its heart, MSG provides a distinct taste experience by enhancing the savory aspects of meals. Moderation is essential for individuals who choose to consume MSG-containing meals, like with everything else. In the vast realm of food additives, making educated decisions leads to a healthier dining experience.

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