Allah Almighty has given many examples in the holy Quran. He has taken many oaths to prove different things. Surah al Adiyat is the 100th chapter of the Holy Quran. Surah Al Adiyat is Makki Surah and contains 11 ayahs.
The reason for revealing this surah is to divert attention from the horse’s loyalty to its owner to the man’s loyalty toward his creator. Later on, in this surah, it is told that man is not grateful for all the favors his creator granted him.
Surah Adiyat with Urdu translation
وَ الْعٰدِیٰتِ ضَبْحًاۙ
ان گھوڑوں کی قسم جوہانپتے ہوئے دوڑتے ہیں ۔
پھر سم مارکرپتھروں سے چنگاریاں نکالنے والوں کی ۔
پھر صبح کے وقت غارت کردینے والوں کی۔
فَاَثَرْنَ بِهٖ نَقْعًا
پھر اس وقت غبار اڑاتے ہیں ۔
فَوَسَطْنَ بِهٖ جَمْعًاۙ
پھراسی وقت دشمن کے لشکر میں گھس جاتے ہیں ۔
اِنَّ الْاِنْسَانَ لِرَبِّهٖ لَكَنُوْدٌۚ
بیشک انسان ضروراپنے رب کا بڑا ناشکرا ہے۔
وَ اِنَّهٗ عَلٰى ذٰلِكَ لَشَهِیْدٌۚ
اور بیشک وہ اس بات پرضرور خود گواہ ہے۔
وَ اِنَّهٗ لِحُبِّ الْخَیْرِ لَشَدِیْدٌؕ
اور بیشک وہ مال کی محبت میں ضرور بہت شدید ہے ۔
اَفَلَا یَعْلَمُ اِذَا بُعْثِرَ مَا فِی الْقُبُوْرِۙ
تو کیا وہ نہیں جانتا جب وہ اٹھائے جائیں گے جو قبروں میں ہیں ؟
وَ حُصِّلَ مَا فِی الصُّدُوْرِۙ
اور جو سینوں میں ہے وہ کھول دی جائے گی۔
اِنَّ رَبَّهُمْ بِهِمْ یَوْمَىٕذٍ لَّخَبِیْرٌ۠
بیشک ان کا رب اس دن ان کی یقینا خوب خبررکھنے والا ہے
Allah Almighty has taken the example of war horses because these horses do not fear running in the valley of death. They know this activity can take their life, but they still run on the battlefield, but humans are so ungrateful to their creator that he disobeys them and do not repent.
He is only involved in money-making without considering boundaries. He is ungrateful to his creator and does not follow his lead. He does not fear the day of judgment and life hereafter. He does not fear that Allah knows everything and thoughts that come across their minds.
The man is not loyal to his creator, but the horse is faithful to his owner. Man does not follow the leads and orders of his creator even when they are not life-threatening, but the horse takes arrows and spears and does not fear anything.
What is the meaning of Adiyat?
The literal meaning of Adiyat is the war horse in fields panting in the early morning hours. In English, Adiyat means the charger. The surah compares the contrast of loyalty of a man and a horse.
What is the central theme of Surah Al Adiyat?
The central theme of this surah is to show the horse’s loyalty to its owner. A horse takes risks in his own life to serve the owner. It runs in war fields and takes spears and arrows before its owner. It sprints and produces sparks when its feet encounter stones in the path.
In contrast, man is not thankful to his creator. He knows what is right and wrong, but the lust for wealth has blinded him, and he does not care about the correct voice that comes from within. He does not care about the orders of Allah that must follow.
He does not care about the orders of Allah almighty, who has given him life and all the benefits that he avails to the fullest. He is ungrateful to his creator, who has given him different boons. He is not clean in his acts and doesn’t care about the life hereafter.
Later on, in this surah, Allah almighty said that He knows what is in man’s chest and will take into account all sins that a man does in his life. The man will be held accountable for all his mistakes in accumulating wealth on the day when all dead come out of their graves.
What is the importance of Surah Al Adiyat?
This surah’s central concept is to wake the man from his deep sleep. Allah Almighty has taken the war horse. The horse does not think twice but jumps into the battlefield irrespective of the risk that he will face; the man is ungrateful to his creator.
Man does not care about right and wrong and is busy with money making. He does not care about the path he is taking. He does not care about the people working under his supervision. He is busy creating means for worldly benefits and attaining them fully.
The surah tells the man to be ready for life hereafter as Allah Almighty knows what is in people’s chests. He will be held accountable for all deeds in this mortal world. Allah will look into all matters no matter what he is doing.
A man should be thankful to Allah for all the benefits Allah gives him. At first, he should be grateful to Allah for his life, and after that, he should be thankful for all the favors, benefits, and boons He is giving to him.
10 Powerful Benefits of Surah Al Adiyat
- The reward of this surah is equal to the recitation of half of the Holy Quran.
- When it is recited daily, the surah will help you in healing a wounded soul
- The continuous recitation with total concentration will strengthen your bond with your Lord
- Once prophet Muhammad PBUH said that the reward of this surah is ten-fold from the bonus of being present in Mazdalfa and Arafah in Hajj
- If a person suffers from an evil eye and recites this surah three times, the action will ward off the evil eye.
- The person will be blessed in the life hereafter
- The regular recitation of this surah will help in clearing debts.
- The regular recitation of this surah makes the man thankful to Allah for the favors that are granted to him
- This surah strengthens the faith and gives power to man to rejuvenate it.
- The surah helps a person feel thankful for Allah’s benefits and life.
Surah Al Adiyat is the message of Allah, which takes oath on stallions and the spark produced by their hoofs when they run on stones. The surah warns the man from lust for money and power. The surah informs the man that he will be held accountable for all his actions.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Q: What lesson is taught in surah Al Adiyat?
Answer. In this surah, the man is notified that he should be grateful to Allah for all his favors.
Q: Why conflict arose in classifying surah Al Adiyat as Makki or Madani surah?
Answer. The style of this surah is not similar to Makki’s surahs, but later on, it was clear that this surah was revealed in the early days of Makki’s life.
Q: Why was surah Al Adiyat revealed?
Answer. This surah was revealed when humanity was on the verge of chaos. The Arabs were busy looting the caravan in the early morning. Tribes were busy robbing the other tribes.
Q: Why is surah al adiyat important?
Answer. Surah Al Adiyat is crucial because it provokes man’s inner voice to be grateful to Allah Almighty.
Q: Where was surah al adiyat revealed?
Answer. Surah al adiyat was revealed in Makka.