Home FinanceFinance Management Types of Financial Statements – Financial Reporting (2024)

Types of Financial Statements – Financial Reporting (2024)

by Abru Farzeen
Published: Last Updated on

Companies prepare financial statements such as the balance sheet, income statement, and cash flow statement. It provides the organization and its stakeholders with a complete perspective of its financial health. Insights and patterns shown by financial reporting help stakeholders make better strategic decisions for the company.

Accurate, comprehensive, and current financial reporting is essential to meet regulatory obligations and make informed strategic decisions. In its absence, it may prevent the company’s decision-makers from making poor choices or exposing it to regulatory infractions. One way to keep these blunders at bay is to use software to handle your financial reporting.

Different Types of Financial Statements – Financial Reporting

There are several basic types of financial reports that organizations typically prepare to communicate their financial performance, financial position, and cash flows to various stakeholders. Here are some common types of financial reports:

Income Statement (Profit and Loss Statement)

The income statement summarizes an organization’s revenues, expenses, gains, and losses over a specific period, typically a month, quarter, or year. It shows whether the organization has generated a profit or incurred a loss during the reporting period.

Balance Sheet (Statement of Financial Position)

The balance sheet provides a snapshot of an organization’s financial position at a specific time, usually at the end of a reporting period. It presents the organization’s assets, liabilities, and shareholders’ equity, showing how resources are financed and allocated.

Cash Flow Statement

The cash flow statement reports an organization’s cash inflows and outflows during a specific period, categorizing them into operating, investing, and financing activities. It shows how changes in balance sheet accounts and income affect cash and cash equivalents.

Statement of Changes in Equity (Statement of Shareholders’ Equity)

This statement details the changes in shareholders’ equity over a reporting period, including contributions, distributions, net income or loss, and other adjustments. It reconciles the beginning and ending balances of shareholders’ equity accounts.

Financial Performance Reports

These reports provide detailed analysis and insights into the organization’s financial performance, often including key performance indicators (KPIs), ratios, and trend analysis. They may cover revenue growth, profitability, efficiency, liquidity, and other financial metrics.

Financial Forecasts and Projections

Organizations often prepare financial forecasts and projections to estimate future financial performance, cash flows, and financial position. These reports help stakeholders make informed decisions and plan for the future.

Audited Financial Statements

Audited financial statements are prepared by an independent auditor who examines an organization’s financial records, transactions, and internal controls to assure the accuracy and reliability of the financial information. Audited financial statements typically include the income statement, balance sheet, cash flow statement, and related notes.

Management Discussion and Analysis (MD&A)

MD&A is a section of financial reports where management provides a narrative analysis and explanation of the organization’s financial results, significant trends, risks, and other relevant factors affecting performance and prospects.


These are some of the main financial reports organizations prepare to communicate their financial information to stakeholders such as investors, creditors, regulators, and internal management. The specific reports prepared may vary depending on the nature of the organization, its industry, and regulatory requirements.

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